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The wild life of the Vikings..........

Jelling   Denmark

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photos

runic stones in Jelling

The Jelling Church

The Jelling Mounds

 

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Runes in Denmark

 

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I dreamt me a dream last night
The earliest Danish tune and lyrics written in runes

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Runes: The book of our ancestors – stems – or signs.

The word ”rune” means speech, as well as song, writing and knowledge. Up to app. the year 500 the Germanic 24-rune-futhark was used in Denmark. From about the year 500 through to 800 transitional stages cut down their number to a 16-rune-futhark. From the year 800 only a 16-rune-Futhark was used. From the year 900 and onwards the shape of the runes and their phonetic symbols were further developed. From the year 1300 the runes were adjusted to the Roman alphabet.

In the times of the Vikings they understood each other and spoke the same language whether they were Danes, Norwegians, Swedes or Icelanders. The language was called “dönsk tunge.” (the Danish tongue). At the end of the Viking Period the language began to change , and in the course of some centuries, each country developed their own language.

 

Write your name with runes
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Danish-Germanic runes, used until app. the year 500

The 24-Rune-Futhark

 



                     f         u      t       a        r      k         g          w                        


h         n      i        j     eo      p         r       s


t       b        e        m       l    ng       o            d  

 

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Danish runes. Used from the year 500 to app. the year 800

The 16-Rune-Futhark

 


f        u     th      a      r           k  


   h       n        i       a         s 


t       b        m         l         R

 


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Danish runes from year 800.

The 16-Rune-Futhark

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f         u     th      a        r        k


 h        n        i      a         s


 t        b       m       l         R


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Danish runes from app. the year 1300

Here adjusted to the Roman alphabet.

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 f       u   th    a     r       k      g     w        h   n    i     p


a      s      t      b     e     m     l     d       y    z     ć     ř

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Here 4 letters cover 8.

F can also be used as V

G can also be used as J

A can also be used as O

S can also be used as C

 

In the long run the runes could not compete with the Roman alphabet, which took over completely in the course of some centuries.

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Write your name with runes
Press here

 

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