fortidensjelling     vikingworld     danmarkskonger     photos         


   Danish

   Map of Denmark

The wild life of the Vikings..........

Jelling   Denmark

.

..
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

.

.

.

.

.

photos

runic stones in Jelling

The Jelling Church

The Jelling Mounds

 

.

.

.

The First Stone Church

.

Jelling Church

.

.

Part of Jelling Church consists of walls from an earlier stone church, which was one of the very first stone churches in Denmark.

For many years the experts have marvelled at the exceptionally large choir in Jelling Church. Thomas Bertelsen, who was an archaeologist with the National Museum, solved the riddle.

The earlier stone church was built in the 11th  century, and was much smaller, but at that time a stone church indicated that Jelling was still very important to the king, so neither Christianity nor the Royal Throne in Jelling were languishing after the death of Harold Bluetooth, but continued to be  important in the century to come.

The year for the erection of the old stone church is so far unknown, and therefore the king who commanded it is also unknown, but in the 11th century it might be Sweyn Forkbeard, Harold II, Cnut the Great, or Hardeknud.

.

.

The nave in the oldest stone church (green) was used again as the choir in the new and much larger church (blue).
The choir in the oldest stone church was torn down, and we are still finding traces of it 1000 years later.

.

The foundation of the church itself has been found in the shape of fieldstones, but they have been partly ruined by the centuries-long use of the cemetery. In the earth close to the foundation and in the foundation itself remnants of travertine were found. This indicates that a travertine wall has existed there.

Stucco and lime were cut loose from the present exterior choir gable, and underneath were old traces of the choir wall and choir arch. The brickwork had been repaired with travertine squares.

In the middle of the gable end a big part of the top arch opening appeared in the clean brickwork. The vertical sides and some of the arch had been removed in order to create a bond with the existing brickwork.

The arch opening has been about 1,80 metres wide. The size of the old choir building, if it was square, has been about 5,5 x 5,5 metres.

The old murals in the present choir (the present ones are copies) were painted across the bricked up arch opening and date to around the year 1100. At about this time the old choir must have been torn down and the present church put up.

Nor must it be forgotten that in the 10th century large wooden buildings were  found in the church area, either in the shape of a church or as a king’s royal estate, and after the arrival of Christianity a king’s estate might want a private church.

Harold Bluetooth, who christened Denmark, died in the year 985.

Around the year 1100 a much larger church was required to hold the church community, and therefore the king’s church was enlarged.

This happened by tearing down the old choir, and using the old nave as the new choir, which accounts for the unusually large present-day choir, and then building the present-day nave.  

.

.

Chart.dk

www.fortidensjelling.dk      Privacy. ©   2017-21